The commemorative series "Revisiting WWII" by the Star now begins a feature on Sarawak: "A Japanese Christmas." By Ooi Keat Gin. The Star, 10 Jul 2005.
"The defence of Sarawak was entrusted to Sarfor, or Sarawak Force, which comprised the Iban-dominated Sarawak Rangers (the Brooke regime’s regular army), the Sarawak Volunteers (European civil officers), the Malay-dominated police, and the 2/15 Punjab.
Colonel Lane headed the 2,500 men Sarfor to defend a territory of almost three-quarter the size of the Malay Peninsula.
Much of the territory lay under thick jungle, with vast stretches of coastline drowned in mangrove swamps.
Despite the occasional heroic stand by squads of the 2/15 Punjab, poor communication that retarded co-ordination of SARFOR, coupled with the suddenness of the Japanese offensive, led to chaos in the defence of Sarawak."
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